Neurofeedback Research

The ISNR | International Neurofeedback Organization has compiled a comprehensive bibliography of Neurofeedback research studies.
Neurofeedback has  been shown effective in many issues including ADHD, Anxiety, Insomnia, PTSD and much more. The American Academy of Pediatrics conclcuded Neurofeedback is a Level 1 Evidence-Based Practice for Attention and Hyperactivity.

PTSD

Bessel van der Kolk, a leading expert in trauma, spearheaded a randomized control study to examine the effectiveness of neurofeedback in the treatment of chronic PTSD.  Compared to a waitlist control group who was still receiving "treatment as usual", individuals who completed neurofeedback training had significant improvement in PTSD symptoms.  In fact, 72.7% of the Neurofeedback group no longer met criteria for PTSD.  Click here to read this open access article.

ADHD

Several studies have shown that neurofeedback can reduce the symptoms of ADHD.  Here are a few examples:

Bussalb, A., Congedo, M., Barthélemy, Q., Ojeda, D., Acquaviva, E., Delorme, R., & Mayaud, L. (2019). Clinical and Experimental Factors Influencing the Efficacy of Neurofeedback in ADHD: A Meta-Analysis. Frontiers in Psychiatry,10. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00035

Enriquez-Geppert, S., Smit, D., Pimenta, M. G., & Arns, M. (2019). Neurofeedback as a Treatment Intervention in ADHD: Current Evidence and Practice. Current Psychiatry Reports,21(6). doi:10.1007/s11920-019-1021-4

Shereena, E. A., Gupta, R. K., Bennett, C. N., Sagar, K. J., & Rajeswaran, J. (2018). EEG Neurofeedback Training in Children With Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Cognitive and Behavioral Outcome Study. Clinical EEG and Neuroscience,50(4), 242-255. doi:10.1177/1550059418813034

Autism

A meta-analysis published in 2021 found that neurofeedback significantly improved symptoms of autism spectrum disorders.  Furthermore, studies have found that the effects of neurofeedback remained at a one-year follow-up.

van Hoogdalem, L. E., Feijs, H. M. E., Bramer, W. M., Ismail, S. Y., & van Dongen, J. D. M. (2021). The effectiveness of neurofeedback therapy as an alternative treatment for autism spectrum disorders in children: A systematic review. Journal of Psychophysiology, 35(2), 102–115. https://doi.org/10.1027/0269-8803/a000265

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